Cybersecurity and Embedded Systems

Embedded systems are either fixed or programmable combinations of hardware and software designed to perform a specific, pre-defined task within a larger mechanical or electrical system. Many of today's electronic products have embedded systems integrated into their designs.  Embedded systems examples include products such as auto infotainment systems, medical devices, consumer electronics, industrial controls, mobile and IoT devices. 

Case Study: DirecTV Anti-Piracy Litigation

Within months of the 1994 launch of DirecTV's national satellite TV service in the U.S. the broadcast system was hacked. The company's first-generation smart card-based security could subsequently be modified or replaced by individuals desiring to erase records of pay-per-view purchases or enable the unlawful interception of channels they hadn't paid for.